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Murphy v. Murphy v. Murphy
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MAINE SUPREME JUDICIAL COURT					Reporter of Decisions
Decision:	1997 ME 103
Docket:	Cum-96-194
Argued:	January 7, 1997
Decided:	May 16, 1997

Panel:		WATHEN, C.J., and GLASSMAN, CLIFFORD, RUDMAN, DANA, and LIPEZ, JJ.




NORA MURPHY, et al. v. JAMES R. MURPHY v. LOUISE H. MURPHY


DANA, J.

	[¶1]  Louise Murphy appeals from the judgment entered in the
Superior Court (Cumberland County, Saufley, J.) after a nonjury trial
requiring her to pay her minor children $18,100 that her ex-husband,
James Murphy, borrowed from the children.  James Murphy cross-appeals
asserting that the court erred when it ordered him to pay a portion of his
children's attorney fees as a result of his breach of a fiduciary duty owed the
children.  The children also cross-appeal contending that the court erred
when it refused to order James to pay all their attorney fees.  We affirm the
judgment.
	[¶2]  James and Louise Murphy were divorced in 1992.  During their
marriage their children received gifts of cash and stock.  Although the
couple understood that the funds belonged to the children, they borrowed
the funds for different purposes.  James and Louise took one loan of $23,832
from the children in September 1988 to purchase real property in
Yarmouth and another loan of  $18,600 to purchase several undeveloped lots
in Batavia, Illinois.  The couple repaid the loan for the Yarmouth purchase in
April 1989.  Shortly thereafter James borrowed $20,000 of the repaid
"Yarmouth" funds to purchase a client list for his business.  Sometime
during the couple's separation but before the divorce, James withdrew
another $11,000 from the children's Stein Roe account and used the funds
for miscellaneous personal expenses such as attorney fees.
	[¶3]  In February 1992 James and Louise entered into a divorce
settlement agreement.  The agreement provided that James was obligated to
pay "all debts arising from, or relating to, [his] business . . . [and] all debts
incurred by him since the separation of the parties."  James surrendered to
Louise his interest in all the couple's real property.  The parties agreed to
transfer to an independent trustee for the children:  "Assets having a value
equal to the value of 7% of the equity in the Yarmouth property; and equal to
a 14.5% of the equity in the undeveloped lots in Batavia, Illinois . . . ."  The
agreement also provided that the parties would turn over "the children's
Stein Roe account or its proceeds."  At the signing of the agreement, Louise
requested that James sign a separate promissory note to the children
because of his Stein Roe withdrawal.  James refused to sign the note.
	[¶4]  The settlement agreement was incorporated into but not merged
with the divorce judgment.  After the divorce, Louise concluded that the
judgment required her to pay 7% of the net equity in the Yarmouth
property, amounting to only $1,900 due to the substantial mortgage debt on
the property.  The Batavia property was not so encumbered and she
determined that 14.5% of the Batavia equity was approximately $32,000.{1}
	[¶5]  In February 1993 Louise instituted an action on behalf of her
three children against James alleging that he breached his duty as the
trustee of the children's accounts when he failed to repay the $11,000
withdrawal from the Stein Roe account.  James responded by naming Louise
as a third-party defendant, alleging that she had acted with him in regard to
the children's accounts and was jointly responsible for his failure to repay
them.  In May 1994 James filed a motion to enforce and amend the divorce
judgment, contending that Louise had failed to repay the $20,000 debt to
the children as required by the judgment.  Louise responded by filing an
"Additional Post-Divorce Motion" seeking the $20,000 from James on the
ground that she had properly paid the children but that the judgment
required him to pay her that amount.  By an agreement of the parties, the
court reformed her motion so that it stated a claim by the children against
James for $20,000.  The court ordered that these motions be consolidated
with the children's action against James.
	[¶6]  After a nonjury trial, the court entered a judgment in favor of the
children, concluding that James was responsible for the $11,000 debt on
the children's Stein Roe account.  It determined that the parties intended
Louise to pay the entire $20,000 debt even though the strict terms of the
judgment required her to pay only $1,900.  Finally, the court found that
James had breached his fiduciary duty to the children and ordered him to
pay $10,000 of the children's attorney fees.
I.
	[¶7]  Louise contends that the court erred when it ordered her to pay
the $18,100 still due on the $20,000 debt.  She argues that James borrowed
$20,000 to purchase a client list for his business and that the judgment
incorporating the couple's settlement agreement requires him to pay debts
incurred for business purposes.  We disagree.
	[¶8]  A settlement agreement that is incorporated into a divorce
judgment becomes part of the judgment of the divorce court.  Wardwell v.
Wardwell, 458 A.2d 750, 752 (Me. 1983) (citations omitted).  "[T]he court
has the inherent and continuing authority to construe and clarify its
judgment when that judgment is ambiguous."  MacDonald v. MacDonald, 582
A.2d 976, 977 (Me. 1990) (citations omitted).  A court's construction of a
divorce decree, like any judgment, must be consistent with the language
read as a whole and objectively supported by the record.  Id. 
	[¶9]  Here, the judgment incorporating the settlement agreement is
ambiguous because of its handling of the couple's $20,000 debt to the
children.  Contrary to Louise's contention, the provision in the incorporated
agreement requiring James to pay the debts arising from his business does
not apply to the debts to the children because a separate section, subsection
III(E)(3), is devoted to the payment of the debts owed the children.
	[¶10]  Similarly, the provision in subsection III(E)(3) that relates to
the  payment of the Yarmouth debt does not provide for full payment of that
debt. According to Louise's own interpretation of those terms, she is
required to pay only $1,900 of the Yarmouth debt, or 7% of the "net equity"
in the Yarmouth property. 
	[¶11]  The court concluded that the failure to provide for full payment
of the Yarmouth debt was a result of a drafting error, and determined that
had the error not occurred, the incorporated agreement would have
provided for satisfaction of the debt by paying an amount equal to 7% of the
full value of the Yarmouth property.  The court heard testimony regarding:
(1) the history of the borrowings and their relation to the Yarmouth
property, (2) the parties' pre-settlement negotiation process in which
Louise's accountant estimated that the children's contribution to the
Yarmouth property was 7.4% of the purchase price, (3) James's
understanding that he agreed to give Louise his entire interest in the
Yarmouth property in exchange for her payment of the $20,000 debt, and
(4) Louise's understanding that the provision regarding payment of a
percentage of the equity in the Yarmouth property was indeed tied to
payment of the "Yarmouth" debt, but that it was intended as "a backstop"
that would take effect only if James did not pay the debt.{2}
	[¶12]  The court did not err in determining that the incorporated
agreement was ambiguous regarding payment of the Yarmouth debt and that
Louise is responsible for the full payment of the $20,000 debt.  The court's
determination is objectively supported by the evidence in the record
establishing that the incorporated agreement failed to provide for full
payment of the $20,000 debt and that Louise was intended to take
responsibility for such payment. 
II.
	[¶13]  James contends that the court erred in holding him
responsible for the $11,000 debt to the children's Stein Roe account and
argues that the settlement agreement requires Louise be held jointly
responsible for paying that debt.  We disagree.  Unlike the $20,000 debt
which the couple intended to address in the settlement agreement by
linking it to the value of the Yarmouth property, there is no such provision
in the settlement agreement that shows an intent to hold Louise responsible
for the $11,000 debt.  The court did not err in holding James responsible
for his own withdrawals.  That Louise and James did not apportion the debt
in the settlement agreement does not affect the right of the children to have
their funds returned.
III.
	[¶14]  James contends that the court had no authority to hold him
responsible for $10,000 of the children's attorney fees or, alternatively, that
Louise should be held jointly responsible for the fees.  The children argue
that the court erred by failing to order James to pay the full amount of their
attorney fees.
	[¶15]  Although a prevailing litigant generally has no right to recover
attorney fees, a court may award attorney fees for some kinds of tortious
conduct, F.D.I.C. v. Proia, 663 A.2d 1252, 1255 (Me. 1995), including a
breach of a fiduciary duty.  Bernhard v. Farmers Ins. Exchange, 915 P.2d
1285, 1289 (Colo. 1996); Shipston Assocs. v. Esselte Pendaflex Corp., 74
F.3d 1126, 1130 (11th Cir. 1996) (applying Georgia law); Hosey v. Burgess,
890 S.W.2d 262, 267 (Ark. 1995) (breach of trust). 
	[¶16]  James breached his fiduciary duty to his children when he
failed to repay the children's funds that he borrowed for his personal use. 
Parents are the natural guardians of their wards, 19 M.R.S.A. § 211 (1981),
and, as such, owe them a fiduciary duty in regard to their property.  See,
e.g., Estate of Peter C., 488 A.2d 468, 470 (Me. 1985) (citations omitted)
(guardian has a fiduciary relationship with ward); Cumberland v.
Cumberland, 564 So. 2d 839, 847 (Miss. 1990) (parent with custody of child
receives child support payments as fiduciary for child and has duty to hold
those funds for child's benefit); 67A C.J.S. Parent & Child § 113 (1978). 
Although James held the children's money in his own name, he does not
dispute that the money belonged to the children.  Thus, the court had
discretion to award the children attorney fees when James breached his
fiduciary duty by failing to repay the children's funds.
	[¶17]  The amount of attorney fees awarded is within the court's
discretion and the court is accorded substantial deference in its calculations. 
Town of Freeport v. Ocean Farms of Maine, Inc., 633 A.2d 396, 399 (Me.
1993).  Nothing in the record shows that the court abused its discretion in
holding James responsible for $10,000 of the children's fees.  Furthermore,
the court did not abuse its discretion by denying James's claim against
Louise for a contribution to his payment of the children's fees.  James
breached his fiduciary duty when he failed to repay the children's funds; 
Louise did not participate in this failure and therefore should not be held
responsible for the attorney fees generated to recover the funds.  
	The entry is:
Judgment affirmed.
 
Attorney for Louise Murphy: John C. Howard, Esq. (orally) Turesky & Howard 477 Congress Street, Suite 400 Portland, ME 04101-3409 Attorney for Nora, Caitlin & Daniel Murphy: William P. Shumaker, Esq. (orally) Holman & Shumaker 49 Main Street Yarmouth, ME 04096 Attorney for James Murphy: Martin Schindler, Esq. (orally) Martin Schindler, P.A. P O Box 2401 South Portland, ME 04116-2401
FOOTNOTES******************************** {1}. Prior to the settlement agreement, Louise hired an accountant to determine the extent of her personal investments in the Yarmouth and Batavia properties, along with other properties purchased by the couple during their marriage. The accountant included in his report the extent of the children's investment in the Yarmouth and Batavia properties through the loans taken by James and Louise. The report estimated that the children's monies supplied approximately 7.4% of the purchase price for the Yarmouth property and approximately 14.5% of the purchase price for the Batavia lots. {2}. Although subsection III(E)(3)(c) does not specify whether James or Louise is obligated to pay the children's share from the Yarmouth and Batavia properties, Louise apparently assumed responsibility for making those payments because she acquired the Yarmouth and Batavia properties as part of the settlement agreement.